5 Super Cosmetic Formulations You Can Try Your Hands On
The average first time experience with chemical formulations for anyone has got to be the little chemistry tests we did in high school. That is the mixing of acids and bases with the use of litmus paper to test for acidity or alkalinity. If this happens to be your first and only experience with chemical formulations, then it is expedient that I let you know that there is a whole lot more than that. However, if you went beyond that; I am glad to tell you that cosmetic formulation is more than chemistry in school. On the norms, cosmetic chemical formulations are simple formulas you can try, and they do not in any way have anything to do with writing of chemical formulas.
There exists cosmetic products totalling in their thousands, but there are in fact just ten (10) types of cosmetic formulas. These formulas are Creams or Emulsions, Lotions, Ointments or Pastes, Suspensions, Solutions, Tablets, Powders, Gels, Sticks, Aerosols. While there are a whole lot of simple formulas you can try, the test for the eventual result of your formulation is not the litmus paper, and it is rather a test on real life scenarios. Taking you through the steps of making these chemical formulations will probably take forever, because even the so called easy formulas are studied by chemists. This is why I am going to breeze through the basic cosmetic formulas that exist.
1. Creams or Emulsions
They find application in products such as hand moisturizers, hair conditioners and make up. Creating these cosmetic formulations requires three main components which includes an emulsifier, an aqueous and oil phase. They are made by heating up the oil and aqueous phases separately, after which they are mixed together and cooled down. This simple formula you can try will result in a cream like solution.
Lotions in simple grammar are thin creams. They are used as moisturizing cleansers, facial moisturizers and hair conditioners. Making lotions is easier when compared to making creams as there are a whole lot of simple formulas you can try. This is because you do not have to worry about the thickness of the final mixture.
3. Ointments or Pastes
They are thick products used as hair cosmetics and skin care products. Usually, these cosmetic formulations do not contain water; hence they tend to be greasy and sticky. Some components of this simple formula that you can try include lanolin and petrolatum. To successfully mix these formulations, all you need to do is heat the raw materials up, mixing them in the process till the required thickness is reached.
These are another group of cosmetic formulations with simple formulas that you can try. Unlike creams and pastes, suspensions are clear products with suspended particles which are visible. These suspended particles are mostly gelatin beads. Suspensions are used for hand washes and shampoos. To be able to successfully bring about this cosmetic formulation, you will need to include clay or polymer which will give the formula the feel of a suspending structure. This is because the main reason why it is categorized as suspension is because of these components. For starters, you can try your hands on ingredients like bentonite clays.
Solutions constitute the easiest type of simple cosmetic formulas that you can try. They are used for shampoos, body wash, colognes and hand cleansers. Solutions are somewhat homogeneous mixture that is made up of ingredients that are soluble. The diluting agent is mostly water and to make solutions, all you have to do is mix the required soluble ingredients in the diluting agent. Sometimes the application of heat increases the rate at which the ingredients dissolve.
There you have them; cosmetic formulations you can try your hands on. You could go ahead and make further research on the specific formula you want to try your hands on, but do not forget that making these formulas can be harmful as the test for them will likely be your skin or your hair.