A Step-by-Step Guide to Writing a Comparative Analysis

How to Write a Comparative Analysis

Writing a comparative analysis in a research paper is not as difficult as many people might tend to think. With some tips, it is possible to write an outstanding comparative review. There are steps that must be utilized to attain this result. They are as detailed in this article.

Within the literary, academic, and journalistic world, analysis allows exposing ideas and arguments in front of a context, making it an important material for discussion within the professional work.

Within this genre, we can find a comparative analysis. For some authors, the comparative essay is defined as the text where two opposing positions are proposed or where two theses are verified. Through this comparison, the author intends to make the reader reflect on a specific topic. It consists of giving a written opinion about two positions, which are compared between them to conclude. Do you know how to write a comparative essay? In this article, we will explain step by step how to do it.

So, let’s see the guidelines that you must follow to achieve a good comparative analysis.

How to write a good comparative analysis

The Structure

In general, the approach is developed in the first paragraph or at the beginning of the work. Its objective is to propose the author’s position regarding a specific subject. Generally, this approach specifies the objective to be achieved. You must be clear about what topic you are going to deal with, what you want to explain, and what the perspectives will be to use in your comparative analysis, and you must also define who you write for.

As it is a comparative text, it begins with a general observation that can serve as a context for both approaches, then begins by establishing the arguments in each of the two cases. Do not forget to compare both objects of study according to each argument or idea to develop.

Let it be the reader himself who finds or defines his position in this essay and choose one of the two alternatives.

In this entry, there are two possibilities of approach: one deductive and the other inductive. The deductive method raises the issue, and you use your analysis of the variables leading, guiding the reader to draw their conclusions or fix a position on the issue. While the inductive method starts with argument, developing each of the variables until reaching the topic’s approach or problem. The two ways of approaching the subject are viable. Choose the one that is easiest for you to work with.

At the end of this section, your audience should:

  1. First of all, have a clear understanding of what topics you will cover in your essay, what you want to explain, and under what positions or perspectives you will do it. It begins with a general observation that establishes the similarity between the two subjects and then moves the essay’s focus to the concrete.
  2. The reader should understand which points will be examined and which points will not be examined in the comparison. At the end of the introduction, state your preference, or describe the two subjects’ meaning.
  3. Your readers should be able to describe the ideas you are going to treat. Make a detailed exposition of its characteristics, history, consequences, and development that you consider appropriate. Your comparative analysis should expose the characteristics of the second position on which you want to speak as much as in the first one.

Development of body

Generally, in the body of the essay, the author presents all the arguments that support his thesis, which gives him a reflective and justifying body of the author’s initial statement. Depending on the length of the work, which can range from two to 15 pages, each paragraph or before a title corresponds to an argument’s development.


After speaking on the subject, the author must close the essay, must conclude, must show the findings of his work, and/or show the conclusions he reached. You must write a final closing paragraph, as a conclusion, in which you expose a confrontation between the two positions. Try to create a fight between them so that the reader gets involved. The conclusion should give a brief and general summary of the most important similarities and differences. It should end with a personal statement, an opinion, and the “what then?” – what is important about the two things being compared.

Readers should be left feeling that all the different threads of this essay have been put together coherently, that they have learned something – and they must be sure that this is the end – that they do not look around for pages missing. And finally, your assessment must explain what position you stand in solidarity and why you prefer it to the other.

Examples of how to write a comparative analysis

Example 1:

Related:  How to Develop a Questionnaire for Your Final Year Project: Research Guide

Paragraph 1: Messi’s preferred position / Ronaldo’s preferred position.

Paragraph 2: Messi’s play style / Ronaldo’s play style.

Paragraph 3: Messi aerial game / Ronaldo aerial game.

Example 2:

Paragraph 1: Messi teamwork.

Paragraph 2: Ronaldo’s teamwork.

Paragraph 3: Messi stopped the ball.

Paragraph 4: Ronaldo’s stopped the ball.

Paragraph 5: Messi’s achievements.

Paragraph 6: Ronaldo’s achievements.

Few Important Rules for Comparative analysis

Even if the exercise sounds simple, there are a few rules that should be followed to help your audience as best as possible make the best decision.

1. Clearly state your position

The first question is, “Why are you doing a comparison analysis”? To highlight your view or ideas over another, or simply to compare two (or more) solutions that do not belong to you? It is imperative that you clearly state your position to your reader, so does your credibility.

Be honest and state, for example:

  • The idea you are trying to espouse
  • The framework you are using
  • The reason why you are doing this comparison, the objective

In addition to the above, you must be consistent with the exposition of your ideas.

2. Stay objective

Even if you include your personal ideology in your comparison, stay as objective as possible. Your readers will not appreciate it when you point out all the disadvantages of one idea while you display the advantages of the other. Your comparison will turn into advertising. You have to raise weak points and strong points on both sides.

These analyses are always subjective, so you have to clarify which position convinces you the most.

3. Think about audience’ expectations

The research paper is intended for your readers, which means that you must take their expectations into account when writing your review. Put aside your desire to sell your desired idea, and take your readers’ perspective:

  • What information are they interested in?
  • What are their criteria?
  • What do they want to know?
  • What do they want from the product or service?

Again, it is about being objective in all your statements.

4. Organize information

For your readers to want to read your comparative analysis, it is important to structure your comments. The idea is to make it easy for your readers to navigate your paper and get them to find the information that interests them quickly.

5. End with a conclusion

You’ve tried to be as objective as possible throughout your comparison, and now is the time to let go like we have mentioned many times in this post. In your conclusion, you can go directly to your readers and give your opinion. With a few tips, you can also encourage them to go towards one or the other idea.

Note: If time is not an issue, the best way to review the essay is to leave it for one day. Go for a walk, eat something, have fun, and forget. Then it’s time to go back to the text, find problems, and fix them. This must be done separately, that is, first find all the problems you can without correcting them. Although the idea of ​​doing it at the same time is tempting, it is smarter to do it separately. It is effective and fast.

Tips on Comparative analysis

Be Concise or Accurate in Your Analysis and Dissertation of The Topic

Sometimes the authors believe that the more elaborate the language and the more extensive the writing, the better the writers or essayists. On the contrary, a good essay refers to the exact analysis of a topic, where the reader can dynamically advance the work and understand the author’s position.

Use only the arguments necessary for the explanation of the topic, do not talk too much. You run the risk of redundant or repetitive, which makes the text-heavy both when reading it and understanding it.

Write in Short Sentences

Just as we recommend that you do not redound in your texts, we also encourage you to write with short sentences. They give dynamism to the text. Communication is direct. The reader advances in the text and understands much more.

Include Reflections in Your Text

Supporting your approach with reflections or quotes from authors makes your essay more important. Above all, use those arguments that justify or give strength to your position regarding one thesis or the other.

Text Revision

Since comparative analysis can tend to be a subjective work, you must let it “sit” for a day or a few hours and read it again. This exercise will allow you to make corrections. Modify those aspects that are not clear enough for you. And you can improve it, in a few words. Once you do this exercise, just like this, you can submit it.