Critical Guidelines Of Drafting Hypothesis And Forms of Research Studies
The purpose of formulation and the method by which it has be formulated depends on the nature of the study. In one research hypothesis is an integral part of the whole study, while in the other hypothesis testing is not compulsory and still in another the purpose is to build hypothesis for future studies rather than testing it in reality. Some examples are given below;
Forms of Research Study
Experimental Research Study: Experimental research studies are based on critical scientific methods. In these the purpose of hypothesis formulation is to build a proposition or to give possible reason for any phenomena that occurs. On the basis of this proposition hypothesis is tested to find out whether particular phenomena occurs due to this reason or not. Hypothesis formulation in experimental research thus helps in taking the study forward. In the absence of any suitable hypothesis the phenomena to be interpreted. Hypothesis formulation in experimental research gives direction to the study and it also clears the clutter so that the research can think directionally and with greater confidence. It should be noted possible rejection or acceptance of the hypothesis does not influence the credibility of hypothesis it rather concludes that the reason to be tested was true or false.
Hypothesis formulation in experimental studies also helps in removing any biases, uncertainties, prejudices and myths linked with a particular subject area.
Descriptive Research Studies: These studies often do not have any hypothesis because the purpose of the study is to describe a fact, figure, phenomena, situation or a person. It does not need to have any hypothesis most of the fact are already there the researcher bring those facts together rather than actually experimenting and finding answers.
Exploratory Research Studies: The purpose of exploratory research is to develop better understanding of a phenomenon to be tested in future. Exploratory research studies are pure research rather than applied research which can be applied to the population at the current time. In many of the exploratory research studies there is no hypothesis testing but hypothesis can be formulated in exploratory research studies. Actually these research studies help researcher in formulating hypothesis. Exploratory research is characterized by its flexibility because the purpose is not to reach on conclusion but to provide a platform in the form of better and more suitable hypothesis, research design and clarified concepts.
Explanatory Research Studies: The term explanatory is in reality self-explanatory, these studies determine cause and effect relationship. Explanatory research studies explain why there is a correlation between two or more than two phenomena, thus it explains the reasons why rather than what or which. While two phenomena are related, explanatory studies determine why there is a relationship and test these kind of hypotheses.
From the above , the following could be deduced : Some studies do not hypothesis: hypothesis fit best in qualitative research: and propositions (which are statement about one or more concepts or variables) fit better in qualitative research.
Having discussed extensively on the hypothsis, we are going to look indepth on how to construct a good significance of the study.
Significance of the Study
This subsection is known variously as importance or justification or rationale of the study. Primarily, It points out how the solution to a problem is provided by the study. Research justification involves a logical argument about why it is necessary to carry out the study as proposed. The significance of the study presents the value or contribution which the research is going to make to existing knowledge. The utility of the research is paramount when writing the significance of the research.