Keywords: Dermatological disorder.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: South Pacific Journal of Pharma and BioScience
Series/Report no.: Vol.2; No.1
Dermatologic disorders are common and a significant burden of skin diseases in school children. This study aims to determine the prevalence and possible socio-demographic risk factors involved in common transmissible skin disorders (TSD) among Primary school children in the Riyom community. A total of 150 samples from pupils of seven (7) primary schools within the community comprising 80 (53.3%) males and 70(46.7%) females were randomly selected for the study. The dermatological diagnosis was made mainly by Laboratory investigations. Samples obtained from volunteer subjects were cultured into aSabouraud Dextrose Agar (SDA) incorporated with Chloramphenicol and Streptomycin. Each was Inoculated and incubated at 37, while growth was monitored daily. The result obtained showed infection to be common among the males than the females and found to be frequent among the children between the ages of 3and 8 years. Species of dermatophytes isolated from the various forms of the infection include Trichophyton species found in57( 38%)has the highest number of fungal isolates, this is followed closely by the Aspergillus species in 40(26.7%) among the samples screened, while the Microsporum species were found in34 (22.6) pupils. Other opportunistic mycosis isolated includes Aspergillus species, Candida species, mucor species, and Penicillium species. Species associated with Aspergillusin in this work include Aspergillusfumigatus(13.3%), Aspergillus Niger (10%) and Aspergillusflavus has( 40%). In candida, candida albcanis has 3.3% candida spp has 2.0%, mucors species has 6.0% and Penicillium species has 1.3%. The prevalence rate of dermatological disorders reflects hygienic conditions and socio-economic status. Ringworm, therefore, is not a reportable disease but is a cause for concern because of its contagious nature.
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