Computer Science

Design and Implementation of Books and Library Lending Management System

Design and Implementation of Books and Library Lending Management System


Library management, its operation has never been easy to run effectively manually, lending of books, records of returned books, books in the library, its shift, and many more. This research work will dwell more on developing and implementing a comprehensive library management system capable of handling the library operation, like book lending, retrieval/return, staffs/students registration, book registration, update, search and delete. I used the Entity-Relationship model to design a database that will store and organize the library’s data. I also created the database using SQL and populated it with some sample data. To archive this research work, a sophisticated program language was chosen – VB.Net using visual studio 2012 ultimate development environment to implement the work. At the end of the research work the system was tested and its corresponding outcome was as expected, and all security issues were checked and considered for security measures. I conclude that library management software is a powerful and effective tool to be used in every library for effective management.




According to Stephen, Maeve & Philip.’ (2007). in a traditional sense, a Library’ a large collection of books and can refer to the place in which the collection is housed. Today the term can refer to any collection, including digital sources, resources, and services. The collections can be of paint. audio, and visual materials in numerous formats, including maps, print, documents, microform, CDs, cassettes, videotapes, DVDs, video games, e-books, audiobooks, and many other electronic resources. The places where this material is stored can range from public libraries subscription libraries to private libraries and can also be in digital form, stored on computers, or accessible over the internet.

As technology is the faster-growing trend, computers nowadays are being put out of human life. Through computers businesses, organizations schools, companies, etc. can conveniently transact to their clients using advanced technologies and especially application software, The application software is created for library functions through this “Library Management System” librarians can lessen their errors and efforts in every book processing and transactions and in making reports.

Many institutions make a distinction between a circulating or lending library, where materials are expected and intended to be loaned to patrons, institutions, or other libraries, and a reference library where the material is not lent out. Modern libraries are often a mixture of both, containing a general collection for circulation, and a reference collection that is restricted to the library premises. Also, increasingly, digital collections enable broader access to material that may not circulate in print and enable libraries to expand their collections even without building a larger facility.

Academic libraries are generally located on college and university campuses and primarily serve the students and faculty of that and other academic institutions. Some academic libraries, especially those at public institutions, are accessible to members of the general public in whole or in part. Academic libraries are libraries that are hosted in post-secondary educational institutions, such as colleges and universities. Their main function is to provide support in research and resource linkage for students and faculty of the educational institution. Specific course-related resources are usually provided by the library, such as copies of textbooks and article readings held on ‘reserve’ (meaning that they are loaned out only on a short-term basis, usually a matter of hours).

Academic libraries offer workshops and courses outside of formal, graded coursework, which are meant to provide students with the tools necessary to succeed in their programs. These workshops may include help with citations, effective search techniques, journal databases, and electronic citation software. These workshops provide students with skills that can help them achieve success in their academic careers (and often, in their future occupations), which they may not learn inside the classroom.


In the existing system, all the transactions of books are done manually, So taking more time for a transaction like borrowing a book or returning a book and also for searching of members and books. Another major problem is on preparing the list of books borrowed and the available books in the library will take more time, currently, it is done as a one-day process for verifying all records. So after conducting the feasibility study a decision to make the manual library management system to be computerized was taken into consideration. Some of the problems being faced that brought about the new system design are as follows:

1. Fast report generation is not possible.

2. Tracing a book is difficult.

3. Information about the issue/return of the books is not properly maintained.

4. No central database can be created as information is

5. Records are not available in the database.


The main objective of the proposed system is to change the manual system into a computerized system, to develop a system where lending and book management can be made at ease.


Here are some specific objectives of the proposed system. The system will,

  • Provides “better and efficient” service to staff/users.
  • Reduce the workload of employees.
  • Faster retrieval of information about the desired book.
  • Provide facility for proper monitoring reduce paperwork and provide data security.
  • All details will be available with a click.
  • Fast access to the database (Quick transaction)
  • Less error
  • More Storage Capacity
  • Search facility


The significance of this research work goes along with the research objective which was achieved in this study, this work is highly important to the management of any library as one of the features of this system is to automate the book management in the library. Also, with the help of this research work, it has broadened the view and understanding of the researcher, inferably, wider and will also serve as a reference and study aid to other upcoming researchers and for academic material.

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