Engineering

Construction of Steel Frame Drawing Desk (Easy Steps)

How to Make a Steel Frame Drawing Desk

ABSTRACT

Every organization or establishment must be set up either for profit-making or non-profit making such as industries, commercial set-up places, institutions, etc. need to be popularized or make known to people, the nature of the business is going on there. A drawing board (also drawing table, drafting table, or architect’s table) is, in its antique form, a kind of multipurpose desk that can be used for any kind of drawing, writing, or impromptu sketching on a large sheet of paper or for reading a large format book or other oversized document or for drafting precise technical illustrations. The drawing table used to be a frequent companion to a pedestal desk in a gentleman’s study or private library, during the pre-industrial and early industrial era. The project (steel frame drawing desk) was installed, tested, and recommended for use.

TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE

CERTIFICATION

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

ABSTRACT

TABLE OF CONTENT

LIST OF FIGURE

LIST OF TABLE

NAME OF PLATE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.2 General Description and Characteristics

1.3 General Statement of Problem

1.3 Significant of the Project

1.4 Objective of the Project

1.5 Limitation of the Study

1.6 Definition of Terms/Concepts

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Historical Background

2.2 Uses of Drawing Desk

2.3 Safety

2.4 Type of Drawing Desk

2.5 Types of Steel Building Construction

2.6 Important Features of Steel Framing Structure or Work

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 RESEARCH, DESIGN, AND METHODOLOGY

3.1 Brief Outline of the Chapter

3.2 Design

3.3 Selection of Materials

3.4 Design Consideration

3.5 Method used in Joining Metals

3.6 Mechanical Properties

3.7 Assembly

3.8 Maintenance

3.9 Cost Estimation

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 RESULT AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Result

4.2 Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Summary of the Findings

5.2 Recommendation

REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The metallic drawing table is a special kind of table that is made up of a metal frame and wood surface which is smooth and suitable for drawing. The need for this construction will determine the size of the table. There could have been no development in the world without the art of drawing when the immediate expression of the creative process is as it evolves. It is sufficient to note that drawing in designing was with engineers done to produce for those manufacturers what they needed. The level of any nation cannot be fast fetched if not for the due invention of modern instruments in the country. The equipment is produced in such a way that it is effective, convenient, and economically feasible and does not in any way impair the health of the citizenry. All the effort used in the venation of this instrument is to make life easier and meaningful. This invention cannot be over-emphasized without drawing. Drawing contributes immensely in several areas of engineering work. For instance, in communication, documentation of information design of equipment and flexibility in design cannot be obtained without the help of a standard drawing desk. As an engineer, the fact that he has to design, operate and optimize the complete process makes drawing a necessity and the means through which this can be done is by the use of a standard drawing desk. Good performance also requires a high degree of interaction between the components within and between the frames. The interaction requires the specifications of components that complement one another. The functional performance of the metallic frame desk is dependent on the correct specification of the individual components that make up the desk, the construction quality of these components, and the standard of installation.

1.1 General Description and Characteristics

Today tables are utilitarian in design, enabling the professional draftsman to use them as tools of their trade. All tables come with every necessary drawing instrument incorporated into their design. Whether it is a set square, a protractor, or any other tool that is required, it is to be found on the drafting table. Although called a table, a drawing desk is vertical in design which permits the user to sit in front of them to draw whatever they need to on the sheet of paper that is placed on the board. At the base of the large frame that holds the sheet of paper, there is a narrow Ledge where the user can place his drawing implements, such as a pencil or pen. Everything that the user needs is close to hand so that the task he is attempting is made as easy as possible for him to do.

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1.2 Statement of Problem

The ability of the frame desk to satisfy its functional requirement which depends on the correct specification and installation.

1.3 Objectives of this Project

The objectives of the construction of a steel drawing desk are highlighted below:

To construct a portable drawing desk.

To do a detailed geometrical analysis of the desk and use the best materials, based on the knowledge of properties of the material and material selection.

To construct a deck that would be long-lasting.

To carry out a review of literature on welding operations.

To meet the need of draftsmen, craftsmen, technicians, and engineers.

construction of steel frame drawing desk

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1.4 Significant of the Project

The significance of this project (construction of a steel drawing desk) is as follows:

They make the work of drawing and sketching on a large work surface area much easier.

Whether one is working with building plans or drawing a large-sized picture, these tables provide the perfect place for one to work.

With the very wide-spaced workboard of these tables, the entire drawing can be easily viewed at the same time.

1.5 Limitation of the Study

The efforts involved in having the required specifications of the individual component.

1.6 Definition of Terms/Concepts

Sawing: The cutting of wood utilizing a saw either by hand or by machine saw

Planking: The smoothening of the surface and edges of sawn timber taking off shearing by planes.

Shooting: The planking of the edges or ends of boards perfectly straight and square to the face side.

Chamfering: A cut that is made in wood or some other material, usually at a 45° angle to the adjacent principal faces.

Drilling: This is a cutting process that uses a drill bit to cut a hole in a circular cross-section in solid materials.

Grinding: This is an abrasive machining process that uses a grinding wheel as the cutting tool.

A Centre punch: Is used to mark the center of a point. It is usually used to mark the center of a hole when drilling holes.

Welding: Is a fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing fusion, which is distinct from lower temperature metal-joining techniques such as brazing and soldering, which do not melt the base metal.

Painting: Is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color, or another medium to a solid surface (support base).

Installation: The act or process of putting a piece of equipment together or making a machine and made ready for use.

Performance: Performance is a specialty systems engineering discipline that encompasses the practices, techniques, and activities required during each phase of the Systems Development Life Cycle to ensure that a proposed or existing solution will meet its non-functional requirements.

Interaction: Interaction is the subject area of design, implementation, and evaluation of compelling, innovative interactive systems.

Quality: This is the degree of excellence in the quality of the product.

REFERENCES

British Council (1989) “How to do just about anything” Great Britain. Pg. 124 – 125.

Chapman W.J. (1943) “Workshop technology point 1” Great Britain 5th edition. Pg. 105 – 108.

F.W.J. Bailey (1961) “Fundamental of Engineering: metallurgy and materials” Macmillan Inc. New York; pg. 1 – 9, 30 – 61.

Palay M. “Metal – cutting tool production” 1st edition pg. 3 – 40.

Perry R. and Chilton (1984) “Chemical Engineering Handbook” 6th edition section 28 – 28, 28 – 29.

Radenka N. (1969) “Materials handling equipment” M/R publisher – Moscow 2nd edition. Pg. 205 – 214.

Samuel. I. Hoye (1950) “Metals properties” McGraw – Hill book company Inc. New York, London. Pg. 1-10.



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