Political Science

Public Policy and Grass Root Development in Nigeria

Public Policy and Grass Root Development in Nigeria

ABSTRACT

In an attempt to develop and improve the standard of living and eradicate poverty in Asari – Torm local government area this study was carried out, it highlighted public policy and grass-root development in Nigeria, with a critical appraisal of the National Poverty Eradication Programme. The program uses personnel, money, and material resources to achieve its goals and objectives.

The study is aimed at heightening the significant role of effective and efficient implementation of decided policy like the National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) in rural development with particular reference to Asari – Torn Local Government Area of Rivers – State.

The public policy formulation for grass-root development in Nigeria could be regarded as a new direction toward poverty alleviation program while the lack of proper planning and implementation causes a poor level of efficiency of its outcome; which includes lack of consultation with community people (chiefs, elders) by the NAPEP officials, poor orientation & motivation of people toward NAPEP program, corruption on the part of the NAPEP officials, etc.

To ascertain and examine these problems, data were therefore collected based on both primary and secondary sources and a total of 25 questionnaires were administered recording a 100% return. In the test of hypothesis, the chi-square technique was used with a 5% level of significance ( = 0.05) and percentage patterns were used in analyzing the data.

After analyzing the data many findings were made, which substantiated the fact that poor public policy formulation and implementation remains the most devastating problem militating against the alleviation of poverty and grass-root development through the activities of the NAPEP program.

Finally, the study ends with a conclusion and recommendation aimed at solving the problem of poor public policy formulation and implementation in Nigeria which includes the creation of awareness, motivation, a proper consultant with community leaders, transparency and well-organized NAPEP program and activities, proper administration, training, and development, etc.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page – – – – – – – – i
Dedication – – – – – – – – ii
Acknowledgement – – – – – – iii
Abstract – – – – – – – – v
Table of Content – – – – – – – vii

CHAPTER ONE:

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of problem – – – – – 2
1.3 Objectives of study – – – – – 3
1.4 Significance of study – – – – – 4
1.5 Literature review – – – – – – 6
1.6 Hypotheses – – – – – – 13
1.7 Methodology – – – – – – 14
– Theoretical Frame work – – – 14
– Method of data collection – – – 15
– Method of data analysis – – – 16
1.8 Scope and limitation of the study – – – 17
1.9 Clarification of key concept – – – – 18
References – – – – – – 20

CHAPTER TWO:
PUBLIC POLICY
2.1 The concept and nature of public policy – – 22
2.2 Meaning of public policy – – – – 24
2.3 Process of Policy formulation, implementation and evaluation – – – – – – – 25
2.4 The importance of public policy – – – 28
2.5 Problem of policy formulation and implementation – 29
2.6 The challenges of public policy making – – 31
References – – – – – – 33

CHAPTER THREE:
GRASS ROOT DEVELOPMENT
3.1 What is Development? – – – – 35
3.2 Historical Background of Local Government in
Nigeria. – – – – – – – 36
3.3 The Structure, of Local Government
Administration in Nigeria. – – – – 38
3.4 The Role of Local Government Administration as
the engine of Grass root Development. – – 41
References – – – – – – 44

CHAPTER FOUR:
NATIONAL POVERTY ERADICATION PROGRAMME (NAPEP)
4.1 Historical Background of NAPEP – – – 45
4.2 NAPEP as a tool for Grass-root Development,
it roles. – – – – – – – 48
4.3 The problem of NAPEP towards Grass-root
Development. – – – – – – 55
4.4 The challenges of NAPEP towards Grass-root Development. – – – – – – 58
4.5 Testing of Hypothesis – – – – – 60
References – – – – – – 77

CHAPTER FIVE:
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary – – – – – – – 78
5.2 Conclusion – – – – – – 82
5.3 Recommendation – – – – – 86
Bibliography – – – – – – 91

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