Budget in Higher Institution of Learning in Nigeria
“A Case Study of Federal Polytechnic Okoh”
The main aim of this research work is focused on “Budgeting in Higher Institution of Learning in Nigeria “Federal Polytechnic, Okoh.
The project set out to examine the effectiveness and efficiency of the budgeting system to evaluate the past, present, and future performance and trends in Federal polytechnic, Okoh’s system.
In this project work, 50 questionnaires were distributed randomly among the staff at the institution. There were 100% responses as recorded in chapter four.
Data were analyzed using tables and percentages.
The finding was as follows:-
1. Confusion as to the purpose of budget
2. Lack of definite goals spelled out in budge
3. Use of technical jargon
4. Appropriate method to be used in high institutions
5. There is no control over performance.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Research questions
1.5 Need for the study
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Scope of the study
2.1 Literature Review
2.2 Definition of Budgeting
2.3 Evolution of the budgeting system in higher institutions
2.4 Budgeting control in Federal polytechnic, Okoh
2.5 Types of Budgetary system adopted in polytechnic, Okoh.
2.6 Formular Budgeting system
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area of study
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sample and sampling
3.5 Instrument for Data collection
3.6 Validation of Instrument
3.7 Reliability of Instrument
3.8 Method of Data collection
4.1 Data presentation, analysis, and interpretation
5.1 Discussion of Results
5.2 Implication of the research findings
5.4 Suggestions for further research
5.5 Limitation to the study
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The practice of budgeting is as old as modern civilization and is central to the effective management of learning resources. Most people, organizations, institutions, and companies will at one time or the other plan ahead, in terms of their activities and their available resources. This is done as a statement prepared and approved before a defined period, of the policy to be pursued during that period to attain a given objective. It serves as a quantitative expression of a plan of action and an aid to coordination and implementation.
As well as being a plan, a budget also acts as a control against which actual performance can be evaluated. To make its decisions wisely, the management of federal polytechnic, Okoh, and other higher institutions in Nigeria must have a vision about its future and budge enhance that. The budget provides a rational and objective basis for the allocation of scarce resources in that institution. With so many competing needs of the management, the school, and students, about her learn resources, the discipline of budgeting compels school management to be discreet in allocating limited resources to meet unlimited expenditure possibilities. This does not suggest the absence of sentimentality and irrationality but at least these are minimized.
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