ABO and Rh blood group systems are of major clinical significance amongst the thirty (30) human blood group systems. The Distribution of ABO, Rh blood grouping and hepatitis B virus among blood donors with National Blood Transfusion Service, Kaduna, was carried out. Two hundred voluntary blood donors (200) were used. The questionnaire was used to obtain the respondents’ bio-demographic data. A microplate technique was used for ABO and Rh blood grouping tests, and an ELISA kit (Monolisa HBsAg ULTRA) for the hepatitis B virus test. The results showed that blood group O donors had (47.0%, group A (31.5%), group B (17.0%) and group AB (4.5%). Rh D positive (95.0%) and RhD negative (5%). Reactive hepatitis B (12.5% and non-reactive hepatitis B (87.5%).
1.1 Aim of the Study
1.2 Objectives of the Study
1.3 Justification of Study
2.0 REVIEW OF LITERATURE
2.2 ABO Blood Groups System
2.2.1 ABO blood group genetics
2.2.2 Anti-A and anti-B antibodies
2.2.3 ABO subgroups
2.3 Rhesus (Rh) grouping system
2.3.1 Rh Antigens
2.3.2 Rh Antibodies
2.3.3 Weak Antigen D
2.3.4 Importance of Rh D Grouping
2.4 Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
2.5 Hepatitis B Surface Antigen
2.6 Hepatitis B Core Antibody
2.7 Hepatitis B Virus DNA
2.8 Microplate technique grouping
2.9 Principle of the monolisaTM HBsAg ULTRA
2.11 Interpretation for Monolisa HBsAg ULTRA
3.0 MATERIALS AND METHOD
CONCLUSION, RECOMMENDATIONS AND LIMITATIONS
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